The Geography :
One of the main talukas towards the
Eastern side of Pune is Daund. East to West Distance of Daund is 75 kms
and breath wise Daund is 45 kms wide. The total area of the Taluka is 1290
Daund taluka comprises of 65 villages. Bhima, Mula and Mutha are the three rivers in Daund. Average Rainfall over
here is 350 to 375 m.m.
Daund in Ancient Times :
In ancient times 'Dhaumya Rishi'
used to stay in this place, hence people started calling this place after
his name as 'Dhaum'. As the times passed 'Dhaum' became 'Dhoand',
then 'Dhaundh', and as the time passed it got its name is 'Daund'.
According to the Epic Mahabharata Shri
Krishna's wife Rukhmini had gone in the 'Dhindir forest', this
ancient 'Dhindir Van' is todays Daund.
Shri Vitthal's statue with black statues
of both Rahi and Rukhmini on the either sides is the only Vitthal Temple.
Because of the hugeness of the temple it is also called as the 'Prati
Pandharpur' (like a replica of Pandharpur).
Daund In Shivaji's Era :
Father of Shivaji Maharaj Shahaji Maharaj
was a Sardar in the Nizam Shahi. He had got Daund and surrounding area as
a 'Jagir'. In this Jagir there was an important fort called Bahadurgad in Pedgaon
which is 13 kms from Daund. Bhadurgad is even today standing on the
banks of the river Bhima. Bahadurgad is four times as big as that of
Shaniwarwada. 9 kms away from Daund is a place called 'Kurkumb', there are
temples of two Goddess - 'Tukai' and 'Firangai', Shavaji's father
Shahaji Raje along with his family used to come here. Teacher of Shivaji,
Dadoji Konddeo was from Daund Taluka and used to stay in 'Malthan'. The
place where he resided can be seen even today.
Daund and the Peshwas :
In 1739 the Bajirao - Mastani affair
had brought clashes among the Peshwa family, hence Bajirao Peshwa took
Mastani away from Pune and made her stay in Patas. Hence forth Bajirao and
Mastani met at the Firangai Devi temple in Kurkumb.
Water of the rivers Bhima, Nira, Pravara,
Ghod and Godavari are best suited to the horses, hence the horses breeding
on these waters used to be strong, quick and loyal. The area of 'Bhimthadi'
which is close to Daund was famous for getting good breed of Horses and
people preferred to get a pony only from this place. This breed was
supposed to be the best of all. Hence the Horse business in Daund has
At the end of the Peshwa Era due to heavy
loans on them Daund and some villages from Pune had gone in control of 'Girgosavi'.
Daund and the British :
Daund got very much developed during the British
rule. When Railways were started during the British rule in 1870, the
'Bombay-Solapur' railway passed via Daund. In 1894 'Daund-Baramati'
Meter Gauge route was started. Daund became a Junction after the 'Daund-Manmad'
train. Daund got connected to Srigonda when in 1928 the bridge over river
Bhima was constructed.
In the British period Daund was an
important center for the Coal Engines. There were more than 125 Coal Engines
in Daund. for this Daund also had a big work shop in it. Because of this the
ash of the coal was found in abundance. Hence the brick making business
started and it went to various big cities.
3 kms away from Daund there was the Indian
wireless center. At that time there only 2-3 wireless centers in India. From
1942 to 1945 two Military camps were set up in Daund.
The first theater called 'Hind Cinema'
was started in 1938, and the first hotel in Daund called 'Maharashtra
Khanaval' was started in 1930 which owned by Mule and in 1940 the 'Jogalekar
Upahar Gruh' came into existence.
Government Offices and Phone Nos.
Tahasildar Office : 62342.
Zilla Parishad : 62356.
Deputy Registrar Co-operative Society : 62204.
and Session Court; Civil Court : 62429.
Court - Judicial Magistrate - Railway Quarters : 63626.
Engineer PWD Sub Division : 62316.
Stock Development Officer : 62613.
Khadaksasala Dam ; Sub Engineer : 62443.
Exe Engineer Minor Irrigation Division 2 : 62283.
Rapid Police Force : 62633.
Officer Chamber : 62430.
T Test Room : 62220.
Police Station : 62321.
Master : 62440.
Master Office (Sc) : 62381.
Office : 62494.
Irrigation Sub Division Engineer : 62683.
Station : 62333.
Sub Police Station : Not available.
Sub Police Station : Not available.
Chincholi Sub Police Station : Not available.
More About Daund :
Daund is a Taluka with very hot temperature. This
area receives scanty rainfall. Lakes like Warvand, Kasurdi and Motoba fall in
this Taluka. Wheat and Sugarcane are grown over here. Fruits like Orange and
Sweet Lime are grown here.
You can also find flower gardens in this region. There is a Sugarcane
factory in this Taluka. Main Occupation of the people in Daund is Farming.
One can reach Daund by the means of (S.T)State
Transport or by Train. There are Shuttles Running
from Pune Station to Daund. The major stops taken by the shuttle are
Hadapsar, Manjri Budruk, Loni, Urali Kanchan, Yavat, Kedgaon,
Patas and then it reaches Daund.
The famous Freedom Fighter
Late Shree Kisandas Gulabchand Kataria was from Daund. He was awarded with the degree of Natya
Bhushan, Shikshan Maharshi and many more.
Station is a Railway Junction. Most of the trains pass through Daund
Junction. There is the Old Railway bridge
towards Nagar which was built by the British Government. The condition of bridge is very
good even after a long period since it was built. Newly built bridge
over river Bhima is also mind blowing. Some area of Kurkumbh in Daund is
declared as Chemical Zone for the Chemical Industries. Most of the
Industries from all over Maharashtra have been shifted to Kurkumbh.
historical place in Daund is the Ancient Vitthal Temple, there are some more
attractive Temples in Daund . There are 9 Masjids in Daund. The Norton
Memorial Church and Christ Church are two main Churches, including 10
more Churches in Daund. There are also a few Gurudwaras in Daund.
Narayan- Bet near Chaufula in Daund is a popular picnic spot. Firangai Mata
Temple in Kurkumbh is one of the Ancient temples and a picnic spots just 7 Kms
away from Daund. At Malthan which is at a distance of 22 Kms from Daund is the
Palace of Dadoji Kondhdev, teacher of Shivaji Raje Bhosale. Ancient temple of
Bhuleshwar is located at Yavat which is 15 Kms from Daund.